Showing posts with label sighted. Show all posts
Showing posts with label sighted. Show all posts

Thursday, 16 May 2013

Cognitive maps, spatial abilities, and human wayfinding

Golledge, R.G., Jacobson, R.D., Kitchin, R.M., and Blades, M. (2000) Cognitive maps, spatial abilities, and human wayfinding. Geographical Review of Japan, ser. B: The English journal of the Association of Japanese Geographers, 73 (Ser.B) (2), 93-104.

Abstract

In a series of experiments in Belfast (Northern Ireland) and Santa Barbara (California) we used 10 sighted, 10 visually impaired, and 10 blind individuals matched for age, socio-economic status, and educational background to examine wayfinding. The participants were first required to take the experimenter over a familiar route to observe the types of behavior they exhibited. This established a performance base and provided a training exercise as participants undertook the set of tasks to be performed in the unfamiliar environment. Table 2 shows the aggregate results from participants' familiar environments.  They were then required to learn a new route in completely unfamiliar environments.  To do this the participants were given 4 trials - the first was an experimenter-guided trial and the next 3 were learning and evaluation trials.

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