Showing posts with label geography. Show all posts
Showing posts with label geography. Show all posts

Tuesday, 21 May 2013

Non-Visual Geographies

Jacobson, R.D. (2010) Non-Visual Geographies In: Warf, B. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Geography, Sage: London.


The construction, interpretation, and meaning of non-visual landscapes explores the role of sensory and perceptual modes other than vision in the construction of geographic space. It positions itself at the boundary between social theory and behavioral geography by examining the ways in which non-visual modes of information acquisition and processing reflect geographic environments and in turn shape those same places by structuring the subjective understanding and behavior of people and their symbolic understanding of space.  This understanding and representation of geographic space, occurs from several diverse conceptual perspectives, including behavioral geography and post-structuralism. At the individual level we gather
information in an environment, from all our senses other than vision: including hearing, smell, taste, and touch including kinesthesia (muscle memory). Our spatial behaviour is informed by these other sense modalities facilitating an understanding of space and place.  

Saturday, 18 May 2013

Disability, geography of

Jacobson, R. D. (2006) Disability, geography of. In: Warf, B. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Human Geography. Sage: London. pp. 109-111. Invited


 The term disability is contested; used in many different ways in different contexts, and increasingly narrowly defined in legal terms with recent legislation. In general disability is the study of people with mind and body differences, commonly referred to as physical and / or mental impairments, and the interactions between society and the capacity of disabled people to function as independent individuals.  Geography of disability explores disabled peoples’ experiences of space and place, investigating the relationships between the geographical environment, the nature of an individual’s impairment and the role of society as a mechanism for
including or marginalizing people with disabilities.


Wednesday, 15 May 2013

Techniques to collect and analyze the cognitive map knowledge of people with visual impairments or blindness: Issues of validity

Kitchin, R.M. and Jacobson, R.D. (1997) Techniques to collect and analyze the cognitive map knowledge of people with visual impairments or blindness: Issues of validity. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness. July-August, 360-376.
This article is an assessment of a variety of techniques used by researchers in the fields of geography, psychology, urban planning, and cognitive science to collect and analyze data on how people with visual impairment or blindness learn, understand, and think about geographic space. The authors concluded that these techniques and their results need to be used cautiously. They also made recommendations for increasing the validity of future studies, including the use of multiple, mutually supportive tests; larger sample sizes, and movement from the laboratory to  realworld environments.