Showing posts with label cartography. Show all posts
Showing posts with label cartography. Show all posts

Tuesday, 21 May 2013

Beyond Tactile Maps: Towards ontologies for future research

Jacobson, R.D. (2009) Beyond Tactile Maps: Towards ontologies for future research. Published Abstract Proceedings of the International Cartographic Congress, 15-21 November 2009, Santiago, Chile.
Tactile maps have traditionally been the representation media of choice for cartographers when attempting to convey spatial information to people with limited or no vision.  The production of tactile maps provide an exaggerated example of classic cartographic issues, such as, classification, abstraction, symbolization, generalization and standardization due to their production methods and their necessity to be read at a scale of
fingertip resolution.  Map reading problems are most acutely felt when a user has to extract contextual information, due to disrupted interpretation when linking legend information to other components of the cartographic display. 

The future of tactile cartography

Jacobson, R.D. (2007) The future of tactile cartography: from static raised lines to multimodal dynamic portable computer interfaces, International Cartographic Conference, Moscow 


While still not considered a large component of mainstream cartographic research, the map-related research focusing on the blind and partially sighted map user population continues to grow.  Currently, several groups of researchers housed in universities in North America and internationally are conducting and pursuing research that focuses on identifying the needs, creating new innovative delivery methods, assessing strategies and spatial and geospatial performance, improving access, and developing potential educational resources for blind and partially sighted map users.  


Sunday, 19 May 2013


Jacobson, R. D. (2006) Cartography. In: Warf, B. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Human Geography. Sage: London. pp 28-29. Invited


Cartography can be concisely and classically defined as “the art science and technology of making maps”. The popular associations of the word, with techniques of map making are a reflection of its lexical routes in cart (French for map) and graffiti (Greek for writing). More specifically cartography is a unique set of transformations for the creation and manipulation of visual or virtual representations of spatial information, most commonly maps, to facilitate the exploration, analysis, understanding and communication of
information about that space. Maps are a symbolized representation of a spatial reality designed for use when spatial relationships are of primary interest.